Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) may be the oldest medical specialty in the usa. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained from the medical and surgical management and management of patients with diseases and disorders of your ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of your head and neck. They are known as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases from the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, along with structures of the neck and face.
Loss of hearing affects one out of ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is dealing with ear disorders. They are trained in the medical and surgical procedures of loss of hearing, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), plus some cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders from the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis every year, so that it is just about the most common health complaints in the united states. Good care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is probably the primary skills of otolaryngologist los angeles. Problems within the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction because of a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating meals all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of the throat, larynx (voice box), as well as the upper aero-gastrointestinal system or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
Your head and neck?
This portion of the body includes the most important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the look of your face. From the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are educated to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities in the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists are willing to start practicing after completing up to 20 years of college and post-graduate training. To be eligible for a certification by the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (four years), medical school (4 years), and at least five-years of specialty training. Next, the doctor must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Additionally, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for further extensive learning one of eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these brilliant eight areas.
Which are the seven parts of expertise in otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and also other sensitivities that affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, a sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical procedures of abnormalities of your face and neck and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), facelift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, baldness and other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors from the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), such as the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump in the neck or thyroid, cancer of the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of your throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases from the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing loss; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing inside the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in children with special ENT problems including birth defects of your head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders in the nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, lack of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists vary from many physicians in that they are trained in both medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not require to refer patients to many other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgery is needed and, therefore, can offer the best care for every person patient. Otolaryngologists are the most suitable physicians to help remedy disorders of your ears, nose, throat, and related structures in the head and neck.